Answer

Back
What should I include in a use of force written response.

When an officer has used force during the course of dealing with incidents, a statement or written response to a complaint should include reference to the 'National Decision Model'. Not only does this assist in the thought processes when dealing with an incident it also assists in ensuring that you get all your evidential points and thought processes into the response. What follows is an 'aide memoir' of some of the points worth considering for each stage of the 'model'.

Intelligence/Information -> Threat Assessment -> Powers & Policy -> Options/Contingencies -> Actions/Review

Statement of Mission and Values

  • Is what is being considered consistent
  • Want to ensure integrity
  • Be willing to take risks to protect rights of all
  • What would the police service expect me to do
  • What would victim/public expect of me

Intelligence/Information

  • Type of call that brought you into contact with the subject
  • Time of day and physical setting of the situation
  • Marked or unmarked vehicle
  • Uniform or plain-clothes
  • Number of officers involved
Threat Assessment
  • What you observed
  • Number of persons involved
  • Your initial command
Powers & Policy
  • Consider powers of arrest, entry, arrest and use of force
  • Consider force policies and Human Rights Legislation
Profiled Subject Behaviour
  • Subject's verbal responses
  • Subject's non verbal communications (NVC's)
  • Subject's physical actions
  • Physical comparison between officer and subject - age/gender/size/skill level
Officer Impact Factors
  • Were you frightened?
  • Did you believe you or another were about to be assaulted?
  • Did you believe you or another were about to be injured?
  • Physical comparison between officer and subject - age/gender/size/skill level
Officer Response/Tactical Options
  • Type of control method used
  • Duration of resistance
  • Type of de-escalation method used
  • Handcuffed? - How applied?
  • handucss checked for tightness and double locked
Transport Procedures
  • Type of vehicle
  • Subjects demeanour and actions during journey
  • Where transported to
  • Length of journey
Injuries
  • Detailed report of officer's injuries (photo if possible as exhibit)
  • Detailed report of subject's injuries (photo if possible)
  • Details of any first aid rendered

The mnemonic VIAPOAR will help you to remember key elements of the NDM

V Values
I Information
A Asessment
P Powers and policy
O Options
A Action
R Review

Category: MISCONDUCT, Last Updated: 28-10-2014 [84]